Tuscan uprising

Italy before unificationTuscan patriotic upraising against map iconAustrian Duke (February 1848), which led to a short-lived constitution. Image: An image of non-unified Italy (1815-1870), William Shepherd, Historical Atlas (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1911). This image is in the public domain in the United States because its copyright has expired.

To supporters of Italian independence, the short-lived uprising in map iconTuscany (click for geospatial location), leading to a new constitution as well as freedom of the press and of religious practice, seemed to be the first step to overthrowing foreign rulers


Alison Chapman, “On Il Risorgimento


Marjorie Stone, “On the Post Office Espionage Scandal, 1844″